The new strategy of the U.S. Middle east policy and Egypt

The Arab world in transition

  • Gor Gevorgyan The Institute of Oriental Studies NAS RA
Keywords: U.S. Strategy, “American democracy”, “The Great Middle East”, “Modernization and transformation Middle East and North Africa”, “The Middle East Reconstruction”, Egyptian Concept for the Development of the Arab World.


After the collapse of the USSR, the United States further activated its policy in different continents with the aim of replenishing the so-called “vacuum space” that had resulted from the collapse of the bipolar system. In the light of formation of new correlation of world forces, the American foreign policy focused mostly on those parts of the world that were of direct importance to US national security. In this regard, the official Washington proposed a new concept of geopolitical perception on the global region to regulate its vital issues and secure its influence in the Middle East and North Africa region, which at the same time would allow the United States to set direct control over specific countries, “managing” their key economic resources, as well as ensuring the security of its traditional ally Israel. The new American concept assumed “reconstruction” of the Middle East and North Africa region and “modernization and transformation” of the countries in the region. By initiating the process, the United States tried to impose the so-called “American democracy” model in the region.

Author Biography

Gor Gevorgyan, The Institute of Oriental Studies NAS RA


Gor Gevorgyan, PhD

Assoc., Prof., Senior Research Fellow of the Department of Arab Countries at the Institute of Oriental Studies, NAS RA. Main fields of his research include domestic and foreign political issues of Egypt, Arab–Israeli conflict and the Inter-Arab relations.